The relation between behavior profiles and short stature was assessed in 311 children and adolescents with various diagnoses. The mean Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) profile of the entire group of children with growth deficiency significantly exceeded population norms on all scales and scores. However, there were no significant differences between five major diagnostic groups across CBCL scales. Neither age, gender, socioeconomic status, nor severity of short stature had any effect on the various CBCL and YSR scores. Correlations between parent (CBCL) and child (YSR) scores were significant, though only at a low to medium level. It was concluded that probably short stature per se, rather than a specific diagnosis, has an impact on behavioral adaptation.