The effect of breath termination criterion on breathing patterns and the work of breathing during pressure support ventilation

Anesth Analg. 2001 Jan;92(1):161-5. doi: 10.1097/00000539-200101000-00031.

Abstract

With pressure support ventilation (PSV), each PSV breath is flow-cycled, and the breath termination criterion (TC) is usually nonadjustable. When TC does not match the interaction between the patient's inspiratory-expiratory efforts to the opening and closing of the inspiratory and expiratory valves, patient-ventilator asynchrony may occur, and the work of breathing (WOB) may increase. Therefore, we studied the effect of TC on breathing patterns and WOB during PSV in eight patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome or acute lung injury. We studied five levels of TC during PSV-1%, 5%, 20%, 35%, and 45% of the peak inspiratory flow. With increasing levels of TC, the tidal volume decreased and respiratory frequency increased, along with a decrease in duty cycle. WOB markedly increased with increasing levels of TC from 0.31 +/- 0.12 J/L with TC 1% to 0.51 +/- 0.11 J/L with TC 45%. Premature termination with double breathing occurred in one patient with TC 35% and four patients with TC 45%. Delayed termination with a duty cycle of >0.5 occurred in two patients with TC 1%. In conclusion, the proper adjustment of TC improves patient-ventilator synchrony and decreases WOB during PSV.

Implications: Although termination criterion (TC) is usually nonadjustable, it influences the effectiveness of pressure support ventilation for mechanical ventilation. The proper adjustment of TC is crucial to improve patient-ventilator synchrony and decrease work of breathing. TC 5% of the peak inspiratory flow may be the optimal value for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome or acute lung injury.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / physiopathology
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / therapy
  • Work of Breathing / physiology*