Postnatal expression in hyaline cartilage of constitutively active human collagenase-3 (MMP-13) induces osteoarthritis in mice

J Clin Invest. 2001 Jan;107(1):35-44. doi: 10.1172/JCI10564.


It has been suggested that increased collagenase-3 (MMP-13) activity plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). We have used tetracycline-regulated transcription in conjunction with a cartilage-specific promoter to target a constitutively active human MMP-13 to the hyaline cartilages and joints of transgenic mice. Postnatal expression of this transgene resulted in pathological changes in articular cartilage of the mouse joints similar to those observed in human OA. These included characteristic erosion of the articular cartilage associated with loss of proteoglycan and excessive cleavage of type II collagen by collagenase, as well as synovial hyperplasia. These results demonstrate that excessive MMP-13 activity can result in articular cartilage degradation and joint pathology of the kind observed in OA, suggesting that excessive activity of this proteinase can lead to this disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cartilage, Articular / enzymology*
  • Cartilage, Articular / pathology
  • Collagenases / genetics*
  • Collagenases / metabolism*
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 13
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Mutation
  • Osteoarthritis / enzymology
  • Osteoarthritis / etiology*
  • Osteoarthritis / genetics


  • DNA Primers
  • Collagenases
  • MMP13 protein, human
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 13
  • Mmp13 protein, mouse