The European Stroke Initiative (EUSI) is the common body of stroke-related activities within the European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS), the European Neurological Society (ENS) and the European Stroke Council (ESC). The Executive committee of the EUSI has authorized the writing committee of the EUSI to create recommendations for stroke management covering all areas of stroke treatment. The recommendations are listed according to levels of evidence pre-specified and modified according to several proposals in the literature. The recommendations have been approved by the executive committees of the EUSI, the ESC, the EFNS and the ENS. They are called recommendations rather than guidelines in order to underline the large amount of individual decision making due to the fact that for many important questions, no data of high evidence level is available. The EUSI plans to review and update the recommendations on a regular basis.