It has been reported that cigarette smoking worsens alcohol-induced gastric lesions through neutrophil infiltration. We hypothesize that IL-8, a potent chemotactic factor for neutrophil is likely to be involved in this ulcerogenic process. To evaluate this phenomenon, the ability of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) to induce endothelial cell expression of IL-8 was examined. Two different fractions (ethanol or chloroform soluble extracts) of CSE with their chemical types identified showed a time- and dose-dependent increase on IL-8 secretion from ECV304 cell line. Protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X had no effect on IL-8 response in basal secretion and also to these stimuli. Protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitor genistein and protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor H8 at respective concentrations significantly reduced chloroform and ethanol soluble extract-induced IL-8 expression by about 34 and 35% respectively at 8 h after incubation. It is concluded that CSE increases IL-8 release from human endothelial cells through PTK and PKA activation.