Resistance training and bone mineral density in women: a meta-analysis of controlled trials

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Jan;80(1):65-77. doi: 10.1097/00002060-200101000-00017.


The purpose of this study was to use meta-analysis to examine the effects of resistance training on bone mineral density at the femur, lumbar spine, and radius in pre- and postmenopausal women. Resistance training had a positive effect on bone mineral density at the lumbar spine of all women and at the femur and radius sites for postmenopausal women. It was concluded that resistance training has a positive effect on bone mineral density in women.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bone Density*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Femur / physiology
  • Humans
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / physiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Postmenopause / physiology
  • Radius / physiology