Charcoal treatment and risk of escape ovulation in oral contraceptive users

Hum Reprod. 2001 Jan;16(1):76-81. doi: 10.1093/humrep/16.1.76.

Abstract

Ovulatory potential was studied during the use of two oral contraceptive pill preparations, after repeated mid-cycle administration of activated charcoal. Eleven women used monophasic pills containing gestodene, 75 microgram, plus ethinyl oestradiol, 30 microgram, or norethisterone acetate, 1 mg, plus ethinyl oestradiol, 30 microgram, for 4 months each, in randomized order. During both pill treatments the third cycle was a control cycle, and during the fourth cycle of both pill types, 5 g of activated charcoal was ingested four times a day, starting 3 h after pill intake, on cycle days 12, 13 and 14. Ovarian activity was monitored by intravaginal ultrasonography of follicles and by measurements of serum concentrations of LH, FSH, oestradiol and progesterone throughout the control and charcoal-treatment cycles of both pill treatments. None of the women ovulated. Follicular activity seen in two women did not correlate with charcoal administration. It is concluded that the possible enterohepatic recirculation of gestodene and norethisterone is not of clinical importance. Repeated charcoal treatment, when administered 3 h after but at least 12 h before pill intake, can be used to treat diarrhoea in women taking oral contraceptives.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antidiarrheals / administration & dosage
  • Antidiarrheals / adverse effects
  • Charcoal / administration & dosage*
  • Charcoal / adverse effects
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined / administration & dosage*
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined / blood
  • Diarrhea / blood
  • Diarrhea / drug therapy
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Enterohepatic Circulation
  • Ethinyl Estradiol / administration & dosage
  • Ethinyl Estradiol / blood
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Norethindrone / administration & dosage
  • Norethindrone / analogs & derivatives
  • Norethindrone / blood
  • Norethindrone Acetate
  • Norpregnenes / administration & dosage
  • Norpregnenes / blood
  • Ovary / diagnostic imaging
  • Ovary / drug effects
  • Ovulation / drug effects*
  • Ultrasonography

Substances

  • Antidiarrheals
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
  • Norpregnenes
  • Charcoal
  • Gestodene
  • Ethinyl Estradiol
  • Norethindrone Acetate
  • Norethindrone