Transverse relaxation optimized 3D and 4D 15n/15N separated NOESY experiments of 15N labeled proteins

J Biomol NMR. 2000 Nov;18(3):261-8. doi: 10.1023/a:1026590201757.


NMR studies of protein structures require knowledge of spectral assignments through correlation spectroscopy and the measurement of dipolar interactions by NOESY-type experiments. In order to obtain NOEs for protons with degenerate chemical shifts, which is particularly common for large proteins with significant helical content, 3D and 4D 15N/15N separated NOESY experiments (HSQC-NOESY-HSQC) are essential for NMR studies of these proteins. TROSY sections could replace the latter or both HSQC parts of the 3D and 4D 15N/15N separated HSQC-NOESY-HSQC pulse sequences to enhance signal sensitivity and improve resolution. For a 1.0 mM, 100% 15N and 70% 2H-labeled Trichosanthin sample (approximately 27 kDa) at 5 degrees C it is found that sensitivity enhancements could only be obtained when TROSY sections replace the latter HSQC parts of 3D and 4D 15N/15N separated HSQC-NOESY-HSQC pulse sequences. The sensitivities of 3D and 4D HSQC-NOESY-TROSY experiments are enhanced by 62% and 8% at 5 degrees C, respectively, compared to their corresponding 3D and 4D HSQC-NOESY-HSQC experiments. Furthermore, the corresponding linewidths are, on average, decreased by 20% and 18% Hz in the HN and N2 dimensions, respectively. This enhancement of sensitivity depends on the molecular mass of the sample used and the lengths of the evolution times in the indirectly and directly detected dimensions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Deuterium
  • Magnetics*
  • Nitrogen Isotopes
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular / methods*
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Time Factors
  • Trichosanthin / chemistry


  • Nitrogen Isotopes
  • Plant Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Trichosanthin
  • Deuterium