PTH promotes endocytosis of human PTH receptor 1 (PTH1Rc) by activating protein kinase C and recruiting beta-arrestin2. We examined the role of beta-arrestin2 in regulating the cellular distribution and cAMP signaling of two constitutively active PTH1Rc mutants, H223R and T410P. Overexpression of a beta-arrestin2-green fluorescent protein (GFP) conjugate in COS-7 cells inhibited constitutive cAMP accumulation by H223R and T410P in a dose-dependent manner, as well as the response to PTH of both mutant and wild-type PTH1Rcs. The cellular distribution of PTH1Rc-GFP conjugates, fluorescent ligands, and ssarrestin2-GFP was analyzed by fluorescence microscopy in HEK-293T cells. In cells expressing either receptor mutant, a ligand-independent mobilization of beta-arrestin2 to the cell membrane was observed. In the absence of ligand, H223R and wild-type PTH1Rcs were mainly localized on the cell membrane, whereas intracellular trafficking of T410P was also observed. While agonists promoted beta-arrestin2-mediated endocytosis of bot PTH1Rc mutants, antagonists were rapidly internalized only with T410P. The protein kinases inhibitor, staurosporine, significantly decreased internalization of ligand-PTH1Rc mutant complexes, although the recruitment of beta-arrestin2 to the cell membrane was unaffected. Moreover, in cells expressing a truncated wild-type PTH1Rc lacking the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain, agonists stimulated translocation of beta-arrestin2 to the cell membrane followed by ligand-receptor complex internalization without associated beta-arrestin2. In conclusion, cAMP signaling by constitutively active mutant and wild-type PTH1Rcs is inhibited by a receptor interaction with beta-arrestin2 on the cell membrane, possibly leading to uncoupling from G(s)alpha. This phenomenon is independent from protein kinases activity and the receptor C-terminal cytoplasmic domain. In addition, there are differences in the cellular localization and internalization features of constitutively active PTH1Rc mutants H223R and T410P.