To assess the contribution of cell interactions to the production of cytokines and type I collagen, fixed synovium T cell clones were cocultured on synoviocytes and levels of IL-6, LIF and PICP, a marker of type I collagen synthesis measured. Levels of IL-6 and LIF were higher with Th(1)than with Th(0)and Th(2)clones. Levels of PICP were decreased with Th(1)clones and increased with Th(2)clones. IL-17-producing T cells, all Th(1), were among the highest inducers of cytokine and inhibitors of collagen synthesis. Preincubation of clones in Th(1)conditions (IL-12 plus anti-IL-4) increased IL-6 production, whereas Th(2)conditions (IL-4 plus anti-IL-12) strongly inhibited IL-6 production and restored repair activity. As rheumatoid synovium is infiltrated by Th(1)cells, local cell interactions result in a pro-inflammatory pattern with defective repair, which can be reversed at least in part, by a Th(2)pattern.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.