The photoregulation of gene expression in higher plants was extensively studied during the 1980s, in particular the light-responsive cis -acting elements and trans -acting factors of the Lhcb and rbcS genes. However, little has been discovered about: (1) which plant genes are regulated by light, and (2) which photoreceptors control the expression of these genes. In the 1990s, the functional analysis of the various photoreceptors has progressed rapidly using photoreceptor-deficient mutants, including those of the phytochrome gene family. More recently however, advanced techniques for gene expression analysis, such as fluorescent differential display and DNA microarray technology, have become available enabling the global identification of genes that are regulated by particular photoreceptors. In this paper we describe distinct and overlapping effects of individual phytochromes on gene expression in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.