Chronic pain and its management in primary care

South Med J. 2000 Oct;93(10):946-52; quiz 953.


Background: Chronic pain is commonly encountered in primary care, but it can be difficult to manage.

Methods: The purpose of this article was to review the definition of chronic pain, general guidelines of management, pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment, the role of pain clinics, and rehabilitation goals.

Conclusions: Effective management of chronic pain is usually achieved by an interdisciplinary team, with involvement of both patients and their families, and integrates pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment with needed surgical interventions, psychotherapy, and rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Humans
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pain / rehabilitation
  • Pain / surgery
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Primary Health Care
  • Psychotherapy
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation