An overview of poxviruses

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Jan;44(1):1-16. doi: 10.1067/mjd.2001.109302.


The poxvirus family is a diverse and interesting group of viruses that affect both humans and animals. Poxviruses are epitheliotropic and therefore are of interest to the dermatologist. The genera of poxviruses known to affect humans are Orthopoxvirus, Parapoxvirus, Molluscipoxvirus, and Yatapoxvirus. The different poxviruses are reviewed, including their history, incidence, clinical presentation, and treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Molluscum Contagiosum
  • Orthopoxvirus
  • Parapoxvirus*
  • Poxviridae Infections*
  • Skin Diseases, Viral
  • Tumor Virus Infections*
  • Yatapoxvirus*