Encrustation of biomaterials in the urinary tract

Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Nov;10(6):563-9. doi: 10.1097/00042307-200011000-00005.


The present review focuses on technological advances and relevant research related to encrustation of biomaterials in the urinary tract. The importance of physical and chemical biomaterial type, biocompatibility, material coatings such as hydrogels, and infection related to alloplastic materials used in urological practice are discussed. Recent in-vitro and in-vivo research has focused on materials that will reduce encrustation and bacterial biofilm formation, complications that limit the long-term use of urinary materials. Coordinating scientific resources in a multidisciplinary manner for a better understanding of factors that are involved in encrustation and biofilm formation will offer the potential to modify or resolve the problem of encrustation of foreign materials in the urinary tract.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials / adverse effects*
  • Biofilms / growth & development*
  • Humans
  • Urinary Tract Infections / etiology*
  • Urinary Tract*


  • Biocompatible Materials