Regulation of G protein-coupled receptor kinases

Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2000 Feb;10(2):81-9. doi: 10.1016/s1050-1738(00)00053-0.


G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) specifically interact with the agonist-activated form of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to effect receptor phosphorylation and desensitization. Recent studies demonstrate that GRK function is a highly regulated process, and it is perhaps in this manner that a handful of GRKs (7 have been identified to date) are able to regulate the responsiveness of numerous GPCRs in a given cell type in a coordinated manner. The mechanisms by which GRK activity is regulated can be divided into 3 categories: 1) subcellular localization; 2) alterations in intrinsic kinase activity; and 3) alterations in GRK expression levels. This review will summarize our current understanding of each of these regulatory processes, and offer explanations as to how such mechanisms influence GPCR regulation under various physiologic conditions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites / physiology
  • Catalysis
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Heart Diseases / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / metabolism
  • Phosphotransferases / physiology*
  • Protein Binding / physiology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Phosphotransferases
  • GTP-Binding Proteins