We examined whether delayed gastric emptying could be produced by diabetes in dogs. Diabetes was produced by a single injection of streptozotocin (30 mg/kg i.v.), and diabetic hyperglycemia was observed from 2 to 15 months after injection. The plasma acetaminophen concentration, which is an indirect indicator of the gastric emptying rate, was delayed in 2 of 5 diabetic dogs from 15 months after the induction of diabetes. The effects of SK-951, a benzofuran derivative, on delayed gastric emptying were also examined in diabetic gastroparetic dogs in comparison with those of cisapride. SK-951 (1 mg/kg i.v.) significantly enhanced delayed gastric emptying in diabetic dogs, but cisapride (1 mg/kg i.v.) had no effect. In addition, SK-951 increased the plasma glucose levels in a manner correlated with its effect on gastric emptying. The present study suggested that SK-951 may be useful in the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis.
Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel