Quantitation of ventricular size and function: principles and accuracy of transthoracic rotational scanning

Echocardiography. 2000 Nov;17(8):749-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2000.tb01233.x.


Two-dimensional echocardiography is a readily applicable method for the quantification of ventricular volumes. However, it is limited by assumptions regarding ventricular shape. Three-dimensional echocardiography has emerged as a more accurate and reproducible approach to ventricular volume and functional assessment compared with two-dimensional echocardiography. We review the principles of transthoracic rotational scanning and its clinical application for quantitative assessment of ventricular volume and function.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Volume / physiology
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal / methods*
  • Humans
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology