Osteoporosis in older men: knowledge and health beliefs

Orthop Nurs. May-Jun 2000;19(3):38-42, 44-6. doi: 10.1097/00006416-200019030-00006.


Purpose: The purpose of this theory-based descriptive study was to describe older men's (> or = 65 years of age) knowledge of osteoporosis, their health beliefs about osteoporosis (specifically their perceived susceptibility), their confidence to perform osteoporosis-prevention behaviors, and actual performance of osteoporosis-prevention behaviors.

Design: A descriptive design was used to determine men's knowledge and health beliefs of osteoporosis, confidence to perform osteoporosis prevention behaviors, and performance of osteoporosis prevention behaviors.

Sample: A community-based convenience sample of 138 men 65 years of age and older was obtained in Northeastern Ohio community centers where men were likely to gather.

Method: Men completed a questionnaire that included the Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale (Kim, Horan & Gendler, 1991), and the Osteoporosis Preventing Behaviors Survey (Doheny & Sedlak, 1995).

Main research classifications: Osteoporosis, Men, Prevention, Health Beliefs, Orthopaedic Nursing.

Findings: Men had poor knowledge of osteoporosis, did not perceive themselves as susceptible to osteoporosis, and engaged in few osteoporosis preventing behaviors such as weight-bearing exercises and dietary calcium intake.

Conclusion: Men need osteoporosis education and modification of lifestyle to include osteoporosis prevention behaviors.

Implications for nursing research: Future research should include the development of osteoporosis awareness programs for men.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Osteoporosis / epidemiology
  • Osteoporosis / prevention & control
  • Osteoporosis / psychology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Efficacy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires