Over the past 30 years, research has validated the success of osseointegrated implants as a viable alternative to fixed or removable prosthetic restorations. Periodontists are extensively trained in surgical procedures to treat and maintain patients with edentulous and partially edentulous arches. They also have a primary role in treatment planning and maintenance therapy. Thus, periodontists routinely integrate endosseous implants into periodontal therapy. This paper was prepared by the Research, Science and Therapy Committee of the American Academy of Periodontology and is intended to inform the dental profession regarding the utility of endosseous dental implants in the treatment of full and partial edentulism.