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, 16 (2), 302-6

Impaired Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilatation in Renal Failure in Humans

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Impaired Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilatation in Renal Failure in Humans

M Annuk et al. Nephrol Dial Transplant.

Abstract

Background: The main causes of death in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) are cardiovascular complications. The aim of the present study was to compare endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) in patients with chronic renal failure with a control population controlling for hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolaemia.

Methods: Fifty-six patients with moderate CRF (mean creatinine clearance 29.4 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) underwent evaluation of EDV and endothelium-independent vasodilatation (EIDV) by means of forearm blood flow (FBF) measurements with venous occlusion plethysmography during local intra-arterial infusions of methacholine (Mch, 2 and 4 microg/min evaluating EDV) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 5 and 10 microg/min evaluating EIDV). Fifty-six control subjects without renal impairment underwent the same investigation.

Results: Infusion of Mch increased FBF significantly less in patients with renal failure than in controls (198 vs 374%, P<0.001), whereas no significant difference was seen regarding the vasodilatation induced by SNP (278 vs 269%). The differences in EDV between the groups were still significant after controlling for hypertension, blood glucose, and serum cholesterol in multiple regression analysis (P<0.001). EDV was related to serum creatinine (r=-0.37, P<0.01), creatinine clearance (r=0.45, P<0.005) and to serum triglyceride levels (r=-0.29, P<0.005) in the CRF group.

Conclusions: Patients with moderate CRF have an impaired EDV even after correction for traditional cardiovascular risk factors and this impairment is related to the degree of renal failure.

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