Organizational models for medical school-clinical enterprise relationships

Acad Med. 2001 Feb;76(2):113-24. doi: 10.1097/00001888-200102000-00007.


Changes in the organization, financing, and delivery of health care services have prompted medical school leaders to search for new organizational models for linking medical schools, faculty practice groups, affiliated hospitals, and insurers-models that better meet the contemporary challenges of governance and decision making in academic medicine. However, medical school leaders have relatively little information about the range of organizational models that could be adopted, the extent to which particular organizational models are actually used, the conditions under which different organizational models are appropriate, and the ramifications of different organizational models for the academic mission. In this article, the authors offer a typology of eight organizational models that medical school leaders might use to understand and manage their relationships with physicians, hospitals, and other components of clinical delivery systems needed to support and fulfill the academic mission. In addition to illustrating the models with specific examples from the field, the authors speculate about their prevalence, the conditions that favor one over another, and the benefits and drawbacks of each for medical schools. To conclude, they discuss how medical school and clinical enterprise leaders could use the organizational typology to help them develop strategy and manage relationships with each other and their other partners.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Health Services*
  • Hospitals
  • Insurance, Health
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Models, Organizational*
  • Physicians
  • Schools, Medical*
  • United States