Background & aims: This study was designed to characterize [D-F(5)Phe(6)D-Ala(11)]Bn(6-13)OMe (BIM26226) as a gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP)-preferring bombesin receptor antagonist and to determine whether GRP physiologically regulates gastrointestinal motility. Intravenous BIM26226 (5-500 microg. kg(-1). h(-1)) inhibits GRP-induced gallbladder contraction and plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) release in a dose-dependent fashion.
Methods: Gastric emptying and small bowel transit of a solid meal were quantified using scintigraphy. Meal-stimulated gallbladder contraction was measured by sonography in a 2-period crossover design.
Results: Intravenous BIM26226 potently inhibited gastric lag time (114 +/- 7 vs. 41 +/- 6 minutes [control]) and gastric emptying rate (0.11 +/- 0.02%/min vs. 0.26 +/- 0.04%/min [control]), whereas concomitant infusion of BIM26226 accelerated small bowel transit time (153 +/- 41 vs. 262 +/- 20 minutes [control]). A continuous liquid meal perfusion into the duodenum induced complete gallbladder contraction (t(50%), 35 +/- 4 minutes), which BIM26226 inhibited significantly (t(50%), 64 +/- 8 minutes). BIM26226 did not alter plasma CCK response, indicating that circulating CCK did not mediate these effects.
Conclusions: These data show that BIM26226 is a potent antagonist of exogenous and endogenous GRP and suggest that GRP is a major physiologic regulator of gastric emptying, small bowel transit, and gallbladder contraction.