To investigate the genetic control of salt-induced hypertension, we performed a quantitative trait locus analysis on male mice from a reciprocal backcross between the salt-sensitive C57BL/6J and the normotensive A/J inbred mouse strains after they were provided with water containing 1% salt for 2 weeks. Genome-wide scans performed on these mice and analyzed with a combination of conventional marker-based regressions and a novel simultaneous search for pairs revealed six significant quantitative trait loci associated with salt-induced blood pressure, two of which were interacting loci. These six loci, named Bpq1-6 for blood pressure quantitative trait loci, mapped to D1Mit334, D1Mit14, D4Mit164, D5Mit31, D6Mit15, and D15Mit13. Furthermore, five of these six loci were concordant with hypertension loci in rats, and four were concordant with hypertension loci in humans, suggesting that quantitative trait loci mapping in model organisms can be used to guide the search for human blood pressure genes.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.