A new cDNA encoding a protein of 362 amino acids designated SH3GLB1, for SH3 domain GRB2-like endophilin B1, was identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen devoted to the identification of new partners interacting with the apoptosis inducer Bax. SH3GLB1 shows strong similarities to the SH3 domain-containing proteins of the endophilin family and presumably represents the human homologue of the potential Caenorhabditis elegans SH3 containing-protein identified by systematic translation of the C. elegans genome (GenBank Accession No. U46675). Reversing prey to bait in the yeast screen, a second protein, SH3GLB2, of 395 amino acids showing 65% identity to SH3GLB1 was identified as an interacting partner of SH3GLB1. The discovery of SH3GLB1 itself in the screening with SH3GLB1 as a bait and further mapping experiments demonstrated that a core coiled-coil-type region is required for the formation of SH3GLB homo- and/or heterodimers, whereas the SH3 domain is not involved in these interactions. Interestingly, the similarities with the endophilin proteins cover the entire sequence of the SH3GLB family, suggesting a common fold and presumably a common mode of action. Furthermore, SH3GLB members colocalize to the cytoplasmic compartment of the cell together with Bax and are excluded from the nucleus. SH3GLB1 and SH3GLB2 do not significantly influence the onset and time course of Bax-mediated apoptosis in HeLa or 293T cells.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.