Objective: We compared a laparoscopic-vaginal approach with the conventional abdominal approach for treatment of patients with endometrial cancer.
Method: Between July 1995 and August 1999, 70 patients with endometrial cancer FIGO stage I-III were randomized to laparoscopic-assisted simple or radical vaginal hysterectomy or simple or radical abdominal hysterectomy with or without lymph node dissection.
Results: Thirty-seven patients were treated in the laparoscopic versus 33 patients in the laparotomy group. Lymph node dissection was performed in 25 patients by laparoscopy and in 24 patients by laparotomy. Blood loss and transfusion rates were significantly lower in the laparoscopic group. Yield of pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes, duration of surgery, and incidence of postoperative complications were similar for both groups. Overall and recurrence-free survival did not differ significantly for both groups.
Conclusion: The laparoscopic-vaginal approach for treatment of endometrial cancer is associated with lower perioperative morbidity compared with the conventional abdominal approach.