We have previously shown that interferon-alpha (IFN alpha)-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) is impaired by serine phosphorylation of IRS-1 due to the reduced ability of serine phosphorylated IRS-1 to serve as a substrate for Janus kinase 1 (JAK1). Here we report that FKBP12-rapamycin-associated protein (FRAP) is a physiologic IRS-1 kinase that blocks IFN alpha signaling by serine phosphorylating IRS-1. We found that both FRAP and insulin-activated p70 S6 kinase (p70(s6k)) serine phosphorylated IRS-1 between residues 511 and 772 (IRS-1(511-772)). Importantly, only FRAP-dependent IRS-1(511-772) serine phosphorylation inhibited by 50% subsequent JAK1-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1. Furthermore, treatment of U266 cells with the FRAP inhibitor rapamycin increased IFN alpha-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation by twofold while reducing constitutive IRS-1 serine phosphorylation within S/T-P motifs by 80%. Taken together, these data indicate that FRAP, but not p70(s6k), is a likely physiologic IRS-1 serine kinase that negatively regulates JAK1-dependent IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation and suggests that FRAP may modulate IRS-dependent cytokine signaling.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.