Regulation of osteoprotegerin secretion from primary cultures of human bone marrow stromal cells

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jan 26;280(3):831-5. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2000.4223.


Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a soluble receptor for receptor activator of NF kappa B-ligand, a factor required for osteoclastogenesis. OPG secreted from bone marrow stromal cells is believed to inhibit osteoclast differentiation and several agents known to influence bone resorption have been demonstrated to regulate mRNA levels of OPG. In this report we have investigated the secretion of OPG protein from primary cultures of human bone marrow stromal cells. An ELISA was developed for measuring the concentration of OPG in culture medium. OPG secretion was decreased by 50% when the human bone marrow stromal cells were treated with 1 microM of prostaglandin E(2), possibly through activation of the protein kinase A-pathway since stimulation of protein kinase A by forskolin also inhibited OPG secretion. Treatment with phorbol 12,13 di butyrate, an activator of the protein kinase C-pathway, potently stimulated the secretion of OPG from human bone marrow stromal cells. The cells were also stimulated with inflammatory mediators and glucocorticoids. Treatment with interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulated OPG secretion to 500% and 400% of control whereas dexamethasone decreased OPG production by 40%. In conclusion, an ELISA measuring OPG in cell culture media was developed. Using this ELISA, the amount of OPG secreted from human bone marrow stromal cells was clearly detectable, and the secretion of OPG-protein was potently regulated by prostaglandin E(2), forskolin, phorbol 12,13 di butyrate, IL-1 alpha, TNF-alpha, and dexamethasone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bone Marrow Cells / drug effects
  • Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology
  • Dinoprostone / pharmacology
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • Phorbol 12,13-Dibutyrate / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Stromal Cells / drug effects
  • Stromal Cells / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology


  • Glycoproteins
  • Interleukin-1
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • TNFRSF11B protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Colforsin
  • Phorbol 12,13-Dibutyrate
  • Dexamethasone
  • Dinoprostone