Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a soluble receptor for receptor activator of NF kappa B-ligand, a factor required for osteoclastogenesis. OPG secreted from bone marrow stromal cells is believed to inhibit osteoclast differentiation and several agents known to influence bone resorption have been demonstrated to regulate mRNA levels of OPG. In this report we have investigated the secretion of OPG protein from primary cultures of human bone marrow stromal cells. An ELISA was developed for measuring the concentration of OPG in culture medium. OPG secretion was decreased by 50% when the human bone marrow stromal cells were treated with 1 microM of prostaglandin E(2), possibly through activation of the protein kinase A-pathway since stimulation of protein kinase A by forskolin also inhibited OPG secretion. Treatment with phorbol 12,13 di butyrate, an activator of the protein kinase C-pathway, potently stimulated the secretion of OPG from human bone marrow stromal cells. The cells were also stimulated with inflammatory mediators and glucocorticoids. Treatment with interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulated OPG secretion to 500% and 400% of control whereas dexamethasone decreased OPG production by 40%. In conclusion, an ELISA measuring OPG in cell culture media was developed. Using this ELISA, the amount of OPG secreted from human bone marrow stromal cells was clearly detectable, and the secretion of OPG-protein was potently regulated by prostaglandin E(2), forskolin, phorbol 12,13 di butyrate, IL-1 alpha, TNF-alpha, and dexamethasone.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.