Purpose: To review the clinical, photographic, fluorescein angiographic, and optical coherence tomographic findings in patients with the diabetic macular traction and edema (DMTE) associated with posterior hyaloidal traction (PHT).
Methods: We performed a prospective review of nine eyes of nine patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) and PHT on clinical examination. The patients had a comprehensive ophthalmic history and examination, color photographs, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Results: All patients had diabetic retinopathy and DME. Of the nine eyes, eight patients had previous focal or grid photocoagulation. All nine eyes had a thickened, taut, glistening posterior hyaloid on clinical biomicroscopic examination with no posterior vitreous separation. Fluorescein angiography was performed on seven eyes, and all had early hyperfluorescence with deep, diffuse, late leakage in the macular area consistent with DMTE associated with PHT. Optical coherence tomography scans of the macular region revealed retinal thickening in all eyes with a mean retinal thickness of 556.9 +/- 114.7 microns. In addition, eight of the nine eyes had a shallow macular traction detachment associated with PHT.
Conclusion: Eyes with DME associated with PHT may have a shallow, subclinical, macular detachment. Optical coherence tomography may be useful in evaluating patients with DME to see if a macular detachment is present.