Triparental origin of Damask roses

Gene. 2000 Dec 23;259(1-2):53-9. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1119(00)00487-x.


Damask roses are one group of old rose varieties and a key material in old European rose improvement in the 19th century. To clarify the origin of Damask roses, we selected four varieties as the oldest Damask varieties and examined the relationship between the Damask varieties and their putative ancestors at the molecular level. Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of the Damask varieties proved that they had an identical profile, indicating they were established from a common ancestor. They have never been allowed to reproduce sexually; their reproduction depends entirely on vegetative propagation. We identified three Rosa species, R. moschata, R. gallica and R. fedschenkoana, as parental species of the original hybridization that contributed to forming the four oldest Damask varieties by sequencing the internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA. We also found that all the four oldest Damask varieties had chloroplasts derived only from R. moschata, as judged from psbA-trnH spacer sequences. This triparental origin of the four oldest Damask varieties can explain some morphological characteristics of the four oldest Damask varieties, like fruit shape, leaf color and the 'Moss' character.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Plant / chemistry
  • DNA, Plant / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal Spacer / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal Spacer / genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Genetic Variation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins / genetics
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Transfer, His / genetics
  • Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique
  • Rosales / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Species Specificity


  • DNA, Plant
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • DNA, Ribosomal Spacer
  • Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex
  • RNA, Transfer, His

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB043000
  • GENBANK/AB043001
  • GENBANK/AB043002
  • GENBANK/AB043003
  • GENBANK/AB043004
  • GENBANK/AB043005
  • GENBANK/AB043822
  • GENBANK/AB043823
  • GENBANK/AB043824
  • GENBANK/AB043825
  • GENBANK/AB043826
  • GENBANK/AB043827
  • GENBANK/AB043828
  • GENBANK/AB043829
  • GENBANK/AB043830
  • GENBANK/AB043831
  • GENBANK/AB043832
  • GENBANK/AB043833
  • GENBANK/AB043834
  • GENBANK/AB043835
  • GENBANK/AB043836
  • GENBANK/AB043837
  • GENBANK/AB043944
  • GENBANK/AB043945
  • GENBANK/AB043946
  • GENBANK/AB043947
  • GENBANK/AB043948
  • GENBANK/AB043949
  • GENBANK/AB043950
  • GENBANK/AB043951
  • GENBANK/AB043952
  • GENBANK/AB048211
  • GENBANK/AB048212