Adrenal cortex and stomach lesions associated with stress in wild male African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) in the post-capture period

J Med Primatol. 2000 Oct;29(5):338-42. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0684.2000.290505.x.


The objective of this study was to look for early pathological changes in stress target organs, adrenal glands, and stomachs in captured wild African green monkeys (AGMs). Three wild-caught male AGMs and seven singly housed wild AGMs were euthanized on day 1 and day 45 post-capture, respectively, and compared with four wild males euthanized with a rifle as controls. Morphometric analyses of the adrenal cortices and the cortical zones were done using an image analyzer. By day 45, the confined animals were clinically healthy, but had lost 47% mean body weight despite ad libitum feeding. The width of zona fasciculata in the controls was significantly smaller compared with that of 45-day monkeys (P < 0.05). Numerous acidophilic, hyperplastic and hypertrophic cells were present in the zona fasciculata of the 1-day confined AGMs. In the 45-day monkeys, there was glandular hyperplasia in the zona glomerulosa and the acini were distended and vacuous; yellow, granular pigmentation was distributed in the zona fasciculata. Acute stomach lesions represented by petechiation were seen in one monkey on day 1. Deep, circular, mucosal erosions, one to five in number and measuring from 0.5 to 1 mm in diameter, were present in three monkeys on day 45 post-capture. There were no adrenal cortex or stomach lesions in the rifle-shot monkeys. In conclusion, pathological lesions in the adrenal glands, and stomachs of the wild AGMs and weight loss occurred within the initial 45-day period following capture and confinement.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Glands / pathology*
  • Adrenal Glands / physiology
  • Animal Welfare
  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild
  • Biometry
  • Chlorocebus aethiops / physiology*
  • Hypertrophy
  • Male
  • Stomach / pathology*
  • Stomach / physiology
  • Stress, Physiological / veterinary*