The single-stranded DNA and RNA binding protein, Puralpha, has recently received special attention as this protein, by associating with the specific nucleotide sequence (GGN repeats) and/or several important cellular and viral proteins regulates crucial biological events such as transcription, replication, and cell proliferation. In this study, we focused on the promoter activity of the Puralpha upstream DNA sequence and demonstrated that the sequence spanning 6,000 nucleotides upstream of the Puralpha transcription start site has promoter activity in various cell types. Results from promoter deletion studies revealed that this region encompasses various regulatory motifs which differentially participate in the promoter activity of Puralpha in various cells. The transcription start site of Puralpha is surrounded by the GA/GC-rich sequence which exhibits the ability to interact with Puralpha, suggesting a role for autoregulation of Puralpha transcription. Results from co-transfection studies revealed that ectopic expression of Puralpha reduced transcriptional activity of the Puralpha promoter and the region located between amino acid residues, 1-85 of Puralpha is important for the observed autoregulatory event. The regulatory protein of the human neurotropic virus, JCV, T-antigen, which interacts with Puralpha, decreased transcriptional activity of the Puralpha promoter. Co-expression of JCV T-antigen and Puralpha had no significant effect on the suppression of Puralpha gene transcription by either protein. The importance of this finding in light of earlier results showing down regulation of Puralpha during JCV infection of glial cells is discussed.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.