Transgenic technology has made it possible to alter the genetic make-up of a laboratory mouse through the removal or insertion of selected genes. The resulting transgenic mouse provides a means for determining the developmental and functional contributions of selected genes and the proteins they encode. The current article reviews examples of the use of transgenic mice in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies. In addition to examining current applications of transgenic technology in the areas of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, the potential for future advancements as well as limitations of the technology are discussed.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmaceutical Association J Pharm Sci 90:422-435, 2001