Several nonrandom recurrent chromosomal changes are observed in uveal melanoma. Some of these abnormalities, e.g., loss of chromosome 3, gain of the q arm of chromosome 8, and chromosome 6 abnormalities, are of prognostic value. Cytogenetic analysis and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are used to detect these changes. In some cases, however, detailed cytogenetic analysis is not possible due to the presence of complex abnormalities. To define more accurately these cytogenetic changes, we have applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and/or spectral karyotyping (SKY) to two uveal melanoma cell lines and five primary uveal melanomas, with partially defined and/or complex abnormalities. SKY provided additional information on 34/39 partially defined aberrant chromosomes and revealed a new abnormality, a der(17)t(7;17)(?;q?), that had not been recognized by conventional cytogenetics. Additionally, using SKY, abnormalities involving chromosome 6 or 8 were found to be twice as common as observed with cytogenetic analysis. CGH was especially useful in assigning the abnormalities identified by SKY to specific chromosomal regions and, in addition, resulted in the detection of a small deletion of chromosome region 3q13 approximately 21. We conclude that SKY and CGH, as methods complementary to cytogenetic and FISH analysis, provide more complete information on the chromosomal abnormalities occurring in uveal melanoma.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.