Effect of spelt wheat flour and kernel on bread composition and nutritional characteristics

J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Jan;49(1):497-500. doi: 10.1021/jf000819w.


Spelt wheat seeds (Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta cv. Ostro) were used to obtain white spelt flour (64.5% yield), wholemeal spelt flour (100% yield), and scalded spelt wheat kernels. From these materials, white spelt wheat bread (WSB), wholemeal spelt wheat bread (WMSB), and spelt wheat bread with scalded spelt wheat kernels (SSKB) were made and were compared to the reference white wheat bread (WWB). The spelt wheat flours and breads contained more proteins in comparison to wheat flour and bread. Among the samples the highest rate of starch hydrolysis was noticed in WSB. During the first 30 min of incubation this particular bread was shown to have significantly more (P < 0.05) rapidly digestible starch than the WMSB and later on also more starch than in WWB and SSKB, respectively. The WMSB had the lowest hydrolysis index (HI = 95.7). However, the result did not differ significantly from that in the reference common wheat bread. On the other hand, the most refined spelt wheat flour resulted in a bread product (WSB) that was statistically withdrawn (P < 0.05) as one with the highest HI (112.6).

MeSH terms

  • Bread / analysis*
  • Dietary Proteins / analysis
  • Digestion
  • Flour*
  • Food Handling
  • Glutens / analysis
  • Hot Temperature
  • Hydrolysis
  • Nutritive Value*
  • Seeds
  • Starch / analysis
  • Starch / chemistry
  • Triticum*


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Glutens
  • Starch