The spindle observation and its relationship with fertilization after intracytoplasmic sperm injection in living human oocytes

Fertil Steril. 2001 Feb;75(2):348-53. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(00)01692-7.


Objective: To image spindles in living human oocytes and to examine the relation between spindles and fertilization after ICSI.

Design: The LC polscope was used to examine spindles in an observational study of living oocytes.

Setting: Academic IVF clinic.

Patient(s): Women being treated for infertility.

Intervention(s): Oocytes retrieved from patients for infertility treatment were examined before ICSI. Aged, unfertilized oocytes after IVF or ICSI were examined with polscope and confocal microscopes to compare the two methods.

Main outcome measure(s): Spindle structure in living oocytes and fertilization after ICSI.

Result(s): Spindles could be imaged in 61.4% of oocytes. More oocytes with spindles than oocytes without spindles fertilized normally after ICSI (61.8% vs. 44.2%). Spindles in most aged oocytes were partially or completely disassembled, and only a few microtubules around the chromosomes or dispersed microtubules in the cytoplasm were observed. Confocal images of immunostained spindles were almost identical to polscope images of spindle birefringence.

Conclusion(s): Spindles in living human oocytes can be imaged by using the polscope. A birefringent spindle in human oocytes may clinically predict the quality and age of oocytes. This method also can be used to monitor spindle position during ICSI.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cellular Senescence
  • Cytoskeleton / ultrastructure*
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro
  • Humans
  • Meiosis*
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Microscopy, Polarization
  • Oocytes / ultrastructure*
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic*
  • Spindle Apparatus