An Unusual Case of Embolic Stroke: A Permanent Ventricular Pacemaker Lead Entirely Within the Arterial System Documented by Transthoracic and Transesophageal Echocardiography

Echocardiography. 1999 May;16(4):373-378. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.1999.tb00827.x.


A pacemaker lead in the left ventricle is a rare complication of implantation. Recognition of this complication is important because thromboembolic events are associated. We report the first case, to our knowledge, of a patient who had a permanent pacemaker implanted via the left subclavian artery to the left ventricle, which is documented by electrocardiography, chest radiography, thoracic echocardiography, and transesophageal echocardiography.