Immunogenicity of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in BALB/c mice: identification of an H2-Kd-restricted CTL epitope

Gene Ther. 2000 Dec;7(23):2036-40. doi: 10.1038/


Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) is a novel marker gene product, which is readily detectable using techniques of fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, or macroscopic imaging. In the present studies, we have examined the immunogenicity of EGFP in murine models. A stable transfectant of the transplantable CMS4 sarcoma of BALB/c origin expressing EGFP, CMS4-EGFP-Zeo, was generated. Splenocytes harvested from mice immunized with a recombinant adenovirus expressing EGFP (Ad-EGFP) were restimulated in vitro with CMS4-EGFP-Zeo. Effector lymphocytes displayed strong cytotoxicity against CMS4-EGFP-Zeo, but not against mock-transfected CMS4-Zeo tumor cells. A number of candidate H2-Kd-binding peptides derived from the EGFP protein were chosen according to an epitope prediction program and synthesized. These peptides were tested for their ability to bind to H2-Kd molecules and stimulate IFNgamma-production by splenocytes harvested from Ad-EGFP-immunized mice. Using this methodology, the peptide, HYLSTQSAL (corresponding to EGFP200-208) which strongly binds to H2-Kd molecules, was identified as a naturally occurring epitope of EGFP. These results should facilitate the use of EGFP as a model tumor antigen in BALB/c mice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis*
  • Cancer Vaccines*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • H-2 Antigens / immunology*
  • Luminescent Proteins / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Models, Animal
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology*


  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Cancer Vaccines
  • H-2 Antigens
  • H-2K(K) antigen
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins