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. 2000 Dec;10(6):502-8.
doi: 10.1381/096089200321593698.

Quality of Life After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding for Severe Obesity: Postoperative and Retrospective Preoperative Evaluations

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Quality of Life After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding for Severe Obesity: Postoperative and Retrospective Preoperative Evaluations

M Schok et al. Obes Surg. .

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to examine postoperative as well as retrospective preoperative evaluations of multiple dimensions of quality of life of patients with morbid obesity after laparascopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB).

Methods: 12 to 38 months after LAGB, 74 consecutive patients (64 female, 10 male, mean age 36.6 years, age range 23-56) filled out the RAND-36 Health Survey questionnaire to evaluate their current postoperative as well as their past preoperative quality of life.

Results: Pre- to 1 year postoperative weight reduction (127.5 to 100.7 kg) and change of BMI (45.2 to 35.6 kg/m2) were highly significant (p<0.001). As compared to age reference groups, the preoperative quality of life was evaluated very poor (p<0.002), postoperative psychological and social quality of life were about normal (all p's >0.10), and postoperative physical functioning (p=0.04), vitality (p=0.01) and general health (p=0.03) were below normal. No differences were found between postoperative evaluations of patient groups with varying postoperative follow-up duration, but patients in the second year after surgery evaluated some aspects of their preoperative quality of life as poorer than patients in the third year after surgery.

Conclusion: Postoperative psychosocial quality is at a level that may be expected to motivate patients to consolidate the surgically established weight reduction, but attention should be paid to the physical condition. Since the relative gain in quality of life as experienced by patients tends to be evaluated less with a longer duration of the postoperative interval, the risk of relapse may increase with passage of time.

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