Management of gynecomastia due to use of anabolic steroids in bodybuilders

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001 Jan;107(1):240-2. doi: 10.1097/00006534-200101000-00039.


Use of anabolic steroids is one of many possible causes for gynecomastia. Optimal surgical treatment for this entity involves a combination of liposuction and direct excision. A series of 20 patients treated for anabolic steroid-induced gynecomastia presented. Postoperative complications included two hematomas, one seroma (bilateral), and three recurrences. Recurrence may be related hormonally active retained subareolar tissue.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Breast / surgery
  • Gynecomastia / chemically induced
  • Gynecomastia / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Lipectomy
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Recurrence
  • Weight Lifting*


  • Anabolic Agents