Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists and coronary artery disease

Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2001 Mar;3(2):139-48. doi: 10.1007/s11883-001-0050-7.

Abstract

The importance of platelets in coronary artery disease has been better elucidated in the past 20 years with the continued understanding of their role in the development of the atherosclerotic lesion and acute coronary syndromes. The most recent therapeutic efforts have focused on blockade of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor, which represents the final common pathway to platelet aggregation and arterial thrombus formation. This manuscript summarizes platelet function and pathophysiology, currently available glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, and the important clinical trials with this new class of drugs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abciximab
  • Administration, Oral
  • Aged
  • Angioplasty / methods
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / methods
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Coronary Disease / drug therapy*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Coronary Disease / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / administration & dosage
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Prognosis
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tirofiban
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tyrosine / administration & dosage
  • Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex
  • Tyrosine
  • Tirofiban
  • Abciximab