Tapeworms are among the oldest afflictions of humans. They continue, even today, to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Taenia saginata and Taenia solium infections are still common in many developing countries. Diphyllobothrium latum infections, are decreasing, but this tapeworm, transmitted to humans through the eating of raw salmon, can cause severe anemia. Hymenolepis and Dipylidium infections may occur to children. Hydatid disease is a common cause of morbidity, especially among immigrant groups from endemic areas of the Mediterranean; the liver is the most common site of a hydatid cyst. Although surgery has been the mainstay of therapy, drug therapy and percutaneous aspiration have been used more frequently in recent years. praziquantel and albendazole are the two most useful drugs against various tapeworm infections.