Breast cancer: dietary and environmental oestrogens

Biologist (London). 2001 Feb;48(1):21-6.


Breast cancer is among the most common of the cancers that occur in women living in western societies. It is a much-feared disease and the risks are confusing and often badly reported. Oestrogen levels are a known risk factor. But is it possible to lower the risk? And where are all the oestrogens coming from?

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / chemically induced*
  • Breast Neoplasms / etiology
  • Carcinogens, Environmental / adverse effects*
  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Estrogens / adverse effects*
  • Estrogens, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isoflavones*
  • Phytoestrogens
  • Plant Preparations
  • Xenobiotics / adverse effects


  • Carcinogens, Environmental
  • Estrogens
  • Estrogens, Non-Steroidal
  • Isoflavones
  • Phytoestrogens
  • Plant Preparations
  • Xenobiotics