Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, and the recoverin-specific autoantibody is suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of retinopathy, including apoptosis of retinal cells. Because it is known that CAR(+) cancer patients have a preferable prognosis, we hypothesized that aberrantly expressed recoverin in cancer cells can become a target of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Here we tested nine recoverin-derived HLA-A24-binding peptides for their capacity to elicit antitumor CTL. We observed recoverin-specific CTL responses in two HLA-A24(+) CAR(+) cancer patients. In addition, the CTL responses were obtained from three of ten CAR(-) cancer patients and two of six healthy individuals. The CTL precursor frequency of CAR(+) cancer patients and that of CAR(-) cancer patients was higher than that of healthy individuals. Of nine recoverin peptides, R49 (QFQSIYAKF), R49.2 (QFQSIYAKFF), and R64 (AYAQHVFRSF) were discovered to induce the peptide-specific CTL. Taken together, our present data suggest that peripheral activation of recoverin-specific antitumor CTL is likely to contribute to the preferable prognosis of CAR(+) cancer patients. Moreover, in cases other than CAR(+) cancer patients, recoverin may offer the opportunity to design epitope-based immunotherapeutic approaches for treating HLA-A24(+) cancer patients with a recoverin-expressing tumor.