Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) increases N-cadherin expression through protein kinase C and Src-kinase pathways in human calvaria osteoblasts

J Cell Biochem. 2001;81(1):68-81. doi: 10.1002/1097-4644(20010401)81:1<68::aid-jcb1024>3.0.co;2-s.

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are important factors regulating osteogenesis. However, the early mechanisms and signaling pathways involved in FGF actions in osteoblasts are unknown. We investigated the effects of FGF-2 on cell-cell adhesion and cadherin expression and the underlying signaling pathways in immortalized human neonatal calvaria (IHNC) cells. These cells express E- and N-cadherins, as shown by immunocytochemical and Western blot analyses. rhFGF-2 increased cell-cell adhesion at 24-72 h, as measured in a cell aggregation assay, and this effect was blocked by specific neutralizing anti-N-cadherin, but not anti-E-cadherin antibodies. Accordingly, ELISA and Western blot analyses showed that rhFGF-2 (10-100 ng/ml) dose dependently increased N-cadherin but not E-cadherin protein levels. RT-PCR analysis showed that rhFGF-2 transiently increased N-cadherin mRNA levels in IHNC cells. The RNA polymerase II inhibitor 5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole prevented the rhFGF-2-induced up-regulation of N-cadherin mRNA, suggesting that transcription is necessary for this effect. Analysis of signaling molecules showed evidence that PLCgamma-PKC, Src, Erk 1/2 and p38 MAPK pathways are activated by rhFGF-2 in IHNC cells. The selective PKC inhibitors calphostin C, Ro-31-8220, Gö6976 and Gö6983 abrogated the stimulatory effect of rhFGF-2 on N-cadherin mRNA levels. The src-family tyrosine kinase inhibitor PP1 also blocked rhFGF-2-promoted N-cadherin expression. In contrast, the p38 MAP kinase inhibitor SB 203580 or the MEK inhibitor PD98059 had no effect on rhFGF-2-induced N-cadherin mRNA levels. Our data indicate that FGF-2 increases N-cadherin expression and function in human calvaria osteoblasts via activation of PKC and src-kinase pathways. This study identifies N-cadherin as a previously unrecognized target gene for FGF-2 signaling pathway that regulates cell-cell adhesion in human osteoblasts.

MeSH terms

  • Cadherins / genetics*
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Osteoblasts / enzymology
  • Osteoblasts / metabolism*
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Signal Transduction
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism*

Substances

  • Cadherins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
  • src-Family Kinases
  • Protein Kinase C