Myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors (beta -ARs) consist of beta(1)- and beta(2)-subtypes, which mediate distinct signaling mechanisms. We examined which beta-AR subtype mediates cardiac hypertrophy. The beta(2)-subtype is predominant in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes (beta(1), 36%vbeta(2), 64%), while the beta(1)-subtype predominates in the adult rat heart (59%v 41%). Stimulation of cultured cardiac myocytes in vitro with isoproterenol (ISO), an agonist for beta(1)- and beta(2)-ARs, caused hypertrophy of myocytes along with increases in transcription of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and actin reorganization. All of these ISO-mediated myocyte responses in vitro were inhibited by a beta(1)-AR antagonist, betaxolol, but not by a beta(2)-AR antagonist, ICI 118551. Pertussis toxin failed to affect ISO-induced increases in total protein/DNA content and ANF transcription in vitro. ISO increased LV weight/body weight and ANF transcription in the adult rat in vivo, which were also inhibited by betaxolol but not by ICI 118551. These results suggest that beta -AR stimulated hypertrophy is mediated by the beta(1)-subtype and by a pertussis toxin-insensitive mechanism
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.