Chemomodulatory action of Aloe vera on the profiles of enzymes associated with carcinogen metabolism and antioxidant status regulation in mice

Phytomedicine. 2000 Jun;7(3):209-19. doi: 10.1016/S0944-7113(00)80006-9.


The effect of two doses (30 microl and 60 microl/day/mice daily for 14 days) of the fresh leaf pulp extract of Aloe vera was examined on carcinogen-metabolizing phase-I and phase-II enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, glutathione content, lactate dehydrogenase and lipid peroxidation in the liver of mice. The modulatory effect of the pulp extract was also examined on extrahepatic organs (lung, kidney and forestomach) for the activities of glutathione S-transferase, DT-diophorase, superoxide dismutase and catalase. The positive control mice were treated with butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). Significant increases in the levels of acid soluble sulfhydryl (-SH) content, NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase, NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase, glutathione S-transferase (GST), DT-diaphorase (DTD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and glutathione reductase (GR) were observed in the liver. Aloe vera significantly reduced the levels of cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5. Thus, Aloe vera is clearly an inducer of phase-II enzyme system. Treatment with both doses of Aloe caused a decrease in malondialdehyde (MDA) formation and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase in the liver, suggesting its role in protection against prooxidant-induced membrane and cellular damage. The microsomal and cytosolic protein was significantly enhanced by Aloe vera, indicating the possibility of its involvement in the induction of protein synthesis. BHA, an antioxidant compound, provided the authenticity of our assay protocol and response of animals against modulator. The pulp extract was effective in inducing GST, DTD, SOD and catalase as measured in extrahepatic organs. Thus, besides liver, other organs (lung, kidney and forestomach) were also influenced favorably by Aloe vera in order to detoxify reactive metabolites, including chemical carcinogens and drugs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aloe*
  • Animals
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antioxidants / administration & dosage
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / drug effects
  • Cytochromes b5 / drug effects
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Kidney / enzymology
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Lung / enzymology
  • Mice
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Leaves
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Random Allocation
  • Stomach / enzymology


  • Anticarcinogenic Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Plant Extracts
  • Cytochromes b5
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System