Sleep architectures of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the young child

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2000 Jun;54(3):330-1. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1819.2000.00700.x.

Abstract

The sleep architectures of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in the young child (child-OSAS, n = 17; mean age: 5.9+/-2.7 years; male:female 14:3) were compared with that of OSAS in the adult (n = 19; mean age: 44.7+/-10.7 years; male:female 18:1) and that of primary snoring in the child (n = 5; mean age: 7.0+/-2.4 years; male:female 5:0). Child-OSAS and OSAS in the adult had the same severity in oxygen desaturation. Child-OSAS showed lower Apnea-Hypopnea Index compared with OSAS in the adult. Sleep continuity in child-OSAS was not impaired compared with OSAS in the adult. Sleep fragmentation in child-OSAS was not so remarkable. The quantity of slow wave sleep in child-OSAS was similar to that of primary snoring in the child. Both profiles of sleep architectures showed nearly the same pattern.

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Cortex / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen / blood
  • Polysomnography*
  • Respiratory Muscles / physiopathology
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / etiology
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Sleep Stages / physiology

Substances

  • Oxygen