Purpose: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) with three different instruments, Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), noncontact tonometer, and Tono-Pen after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia.
Methods: A prospective case series study to evaluate preoperative and postoperative IOP measurements of 149 eyes at 12 months. We performed GAT, noncontact tonometry, Tono-Pen central, and Tono-Pen temporal periphery measurements. We also performed measurements of the central corneal thickness (CCT) by ultrasonic pachymetry and keratometry. Pre-operative IOP reading served as control for all studies.
Results: After PRK, IOP reading was significantly reduced in the treated eyes when compared with the control measurements (11.87+/-1.73 vs. 13.37+/-1.52 mm Hg, p<0.0001 with GAT; 12.07+/-1.6 vs. 13.51+/-1.59 mm Hg, p<0.0001 with noncontact tonometer; 12.18+/-1.6 vs. 13.48+/-1.55 mm Hg, p<0.0001 with Tono-Pen central; 13.48+/-1.65 vs. 13.71+/-1.56 Hg, p<0.0104 with Tono-Pen temporal periphery). There was also a significant correlation between IOP reading changes measured by GAT, noncontact tonometer, Tono-Pen central, and change of CCT and between reduction of IOP reading and keratometry (r2>0.39, p<0.0001 for each). The correlation between IOP reading change by Tono-Pen temporal periphery and CCT was also significant but r2 value was only 0.034. Tono-Pen temporal periphery postoperative IOP measurements had the best correlation with preoperative GAT IOP (r2 = 0.57, p<0.0001).
Conclusions: PRK reduced IOP reading as measured by GAT, noncontact tonometer, and Tono-Pen central; less so when measured by Tono-Pen temporal periphery. Early detection of glaucoma and IOP follow-up in glaucoma patients may be done best by peripheral Tono-Pen measurements over the nonablated cornea.