Vitamin C losses in some frozen vegetables due to various cooking methods

Nahrung. 2000 Dec;44(6):451-3. doi: 10.1002/1521-3803(20001201)44:6<451::AID-FOOD451>3.0.CO;2-5.


Frozen spinach, peas, green beans and okra were commercially cooked in three different stewpans (double based stainless steel, teflon, pyrex) with and without thawing. The vitamin C levels were effected both by cooking methods and stewpans. Frozen peas were found to be the least (3.5% loss), and frozen green beans were found to be the most (19.6% loss) effected vegetables by thawing. In all of the stewpans, double based stainless steel pan retained more vitamin C than the others. While boiling spinach, peas, green beans, and okra without thawing resulted 46.5, 25.2, 18.2, and 21.6% vitamin C loss in double based stainless steel pan, boiling them in pyrex pan resulted 58.5, 36.0, 42.1, and 28.2% vitamin C loss, respectively. Besides, the losses in cooking processes were accelerated in thawed vegetables with the same tendency; that is more destruction occurred in samples boiled in pyrex pan (60.3% loss in spinach, 40.8% loss in peas, 48.4% loss in green beans, and 41.6% loss in okra). According to the results, it was found that thawing before cooking is useless and causes more vitamin C loss. Therefore, frozen vegetables must not be thawed before cooking. In order to prevent vitamin C from destruction, using double based stainless steel pan, minimum amount of water and cooking of frozen vegetables are recommended.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Ascorbic Acid / analysis*
  • Cooking*
  • Food Preservation
  • Freezing
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
  • Temperature
  • Vegetables / chemistry*


  • Ascorbic Acid