Infantile myofibromatosis: case report of a solitary hand lesion with emphasis on differential diagnosis and management

Ann Plast Surg. 2001 Jan;46(1):62-7. doi: 10.1097/00000637-200101000-00014.


Infantile myofibromatosis, both solitary and multicentric types, is discussed with emphasis on the importance of diagnosing this condition correctly. Its distinctive clinical and histological characteristics are described, as are the hazards of overhasty and overly ambitious surgical intervention. Other similarly presenting fibromatous diseases of infancy and childhood are discussed, including aplasia cutis, infantile fibrosarcoma, recurring infantile digital fibromatosis, and juvenile aponeurotic fibromatosis. A case of infantile myofibromatosis, solitary type, is reported, and the two surgical procedures carried out over a 4-year period are described. The importance of histological and immunohistochemical evaluation of lesions present during the neonatal period is stressed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hand / pathology
  • Hand / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Myofibromatosis / diagnosis
  • Myofibromatosis / pathology
  • Myofibromatosis / surgery*
  • Reoperation
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery*